Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging Technology
Nuclear Medicine is an imaging method used to safely detect disease in its early stages. The practice of Nuclear Medicine, which includes Positron Emission Tomography (PET), involves the use of radioactive tracers administered either by injection, orally, or inhalation. Special cameras, computers and radioactive tracers are used to image how disease or treatments alter organ system function.
Nuclear Medicine Imaging involves non-invasive procedures that often eliminate the pain and trauma and risk associated with invasive surgery that patients would otherwise undergo, to determine the location and size of tumours, or the extent of numerous diseases in almost all of the human organ systems. It is able to non-invasively image and measure the body’s organs as they function, such as the amount of urine the kidneys produce per minute, the volume of blood ejected from the heart with each beat, and the extent of damage to the heart muscle due to a heart attack.
Molecular Imaging utilizes specialized instrumentation alone, or in combination with targeted imaging agents, to visualize biochemical events at the cellular and molecular level in order to help identify regions of pathology and potential mechanisms of disease.
What does a Nuclear Medicine Technologist do?
Nuclear Medicine Technologists work closely with doctors, and other members of the health care team. Ranging from cardiology to psychiatry, nuclear medicine images and treatments are used by a wide array of medical specialties. Nuclear Medicine Technology can save patients the pain and trauma associated with investigative surgery. The detailed images that nuclear medicine scans produce can determine the location and size of tumours or diseases. Nuclear Medicine Technologists:
- Prepare and administers radiopharmaceuticals to aid in imaging organs and bodily functions
- Use sophisticated computers to process data and enhance images for improved quality
- Analyze biological specimens in the laboratory to aid in diagnosis
Is Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging Technology (NMMIT) a good choice for you?
The discipline of Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging Technology attracts responsible individuals who are people oriented, have a strong desire to provide exceptional patient care and who are attracted to working with high-tech equipment and computer technology.
As a Nuclear Medicine Technologist, you will become part of an interdisciplinary diagnostic imaging team, and could be employed in a variety of clinical environments: community or teaching hospitals, private clinics, research institutes and public health institutions. Your future career opportunities could include research activities, advanced roles such as positron emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT), management, education, and sales/marketing. You can pursue further training and certification in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and Imaging Informatics, as well as higher education opportunities at a master’s level, and working abroad.
Graduates of the Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging Technology stream of the MRS program will earn a BSc in Medical Radiation Sciences from the University of Toronto and an Advanced Diploma in Health Sciences (Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Technology) from The Michener Institute. MRS graduates are eligible to write the national certification exam offered by the Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists (CAMRT) and may pursue advanced studies at U of T or Michener, such as:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Master of Applied Science (Institute of Medical Sciences)
- Master of Health Administration
Course List (Fall 2020 Intake)
YEAR 1 FALL – SEMESTER 1
Comparative Medical Imaging (IGRD110/MRS281H)
This course is designed to introduce the learner to the complexities of diagnostic and therapeutic imaging in the healthcare setting. Learners will develop an understanding of what it means to be a medical radiation technologist, a healthcare professional, and interprofessional collaboration. As well, learners will be exposed through a series of seminars delivered by healthcare professionals from the practice setting, to a variety of imaging modalities used in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Modalities such as X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasound (US), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and Image Guidance for Radiation Therapy will be explored. Additional topics relating to the imaging modalities will be covered including Informatics, Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning and Interventional Radiology.
Patient Care in Medical Radiation Sciences I (PMRS111/MRS227H1)
Examining a variety of fundamental patient care topics using a patient-centred lens, learners will be introduced to the professional, ethical, and legal standards which will be reinforced throughout the Medical Radiation Sciences (MRS) curriculum. Patient care skills will be enhanced through the study of communication, medical terminology, infection control, clinical assessment techniques and relevant pharmacology, including contrast media. This course will also provide the opportunity to develop communication and care-delivery strategies for diverse patient populations. Reflective practice will be introduced and developed throughout the course as learners work towards becoming reflective practitioners.
Anatomy for Medical Radiation Sciences (ANAT110/MRS159H1)
This course is an introductory course designed to serve as the foundation in Human Anatomy for students in the Medical Radiation Sciences program. The course will introduce learners to the components of the human body, relationships of the surface anatomy and the body’s internal components and discuss the basic function of these components. The course will encompass a regional approach to study the human body with correlation to its clinical application. Anatomy for MRS will serve to prepare learners for ANRD121/MRS163H1 (Relational Anatomy).
Nuclear Medicine Physics and Radiobiology (RANM110 / MRS133H1)
This is an online course which will study the physics and biological effects of ionizing radiation. The scope of this course includes studying the fundamentals of radiation physics related to nuclear medicine, as well as X-ray physics related to CT. Radiation safety and radiation biology will be explored and will include a current and thorough overview of the effects of ionizing radiation on biological systems using case studies and clinical examples.
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging (IITNM110/MRS282H1)
The first in this longitudinal series of courses will use a case-based approach to integrate multiple topic themes such as radiopharmacy, Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation, radiation safety and the various organizations and governing bodies, as they relate to body systems, imaging methodology and general practice of Nuclear Medicine Technology. A hybrid online/onsite delivery approach plus significant hands-on experience in laboratory sessions will allow students to learn, explore and apply the concepts of nuclear and molecular imaging
YEAR 1 WINTER – SEMESTER 2
Patient Care in Medical Radiation Sciences II (PMRS121/MRS228H1)
Building upon the knowledge acquired in PMRS111, learners will apply the concepts of professional practice, patient management, and health and safety, in both the didactic and laboratory environments. Learners will employ principles of infection control, patient assessment, patient transfer, contrast media administration and emergency response procedures. Learners will also be introduced to various venipuncture techniques. These practical skillsets will be developed as learners simultaneously integrate the concepts of patient-centred communication and professionalism introduced in PMRS111.
This course will introduce students to the function of the organ systems that comprise the human body. The course will follow a systematic structure covering all of the principal functional systems within the body, examples include the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Learners are expected to be familiar with the anatomical structure of these systems.
Relational Anatomy (ANRD121/MRS164H1)
This Relational Anatomy course requires learners to apply their knowledge of gross anatomy to explore the cross-sectional and relational anatomy of the head, central nervous system, neck, spine, thorax, abdomen, pelvis (male/female) and the upper and lower extremities. An emphasis is placed on the learner’s ability to identify and justify the relative positions of the organs, the vascular system, the lymphatic system as well as muscular and skeletal structures in each of the aforementioned anatomic regions.
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging II (ITNM120/MRS283H1)
The second in a longitudinal series of courses will use a case-based approach to integrate multiple themes such as radiopharmacy, instrumentation, image quality and the methodology of various procedures. Topics explored will include the skeletal and endocrine systems, tumors and infections. Thyroid therapy using high-dose radionuclides and an introduction to PET imaging will be also be included.
YEAR 1 SUMMER – SEMESTER 3
Health Improvement Initiatives (HIRT130/MRS232H1)
Focusing on the intersection of three principle domains of healthcare: system, leadership, quality; this course will explore the organization and structure of the Canadian healthcare system to better understand and appreciate the roles and accountabilities of those who use and those who function within it. Through the course, learners will examine healthcare leadership at all levels and the development of collaborative leadership and project management skills for the adaptable healthcare practitioner needed for today’s dynamic healthcare environment. The course will also focus on understanding quality improvement initiatives aimed to make healthcare more effective, efficient, and safe.
Nuclear Medicine in Practice (PRNM130/MRS284H1)
The venipuncture/patient care portion of the course will allow students to strengthen venipuncture techniques; laboratory sessions will give learners the opportunity to practice monitoring, recognizing and responding to changes in a patient’s physical and emotional status. ECG is an important aspect of nuclear cardiology. This course will act as an introduction to ECG to learn the normal pathway for the conduction electrical impulses in the heart. Finally, the radiopharmacy portion will focus on the preparation, dispensing, and shipment of various radiopharmaceuticals. Students will also participate in two offsite Positron Emission Tomography (PET) labs.
The specialized electives (“selectives”) are courses developed with the purpose of providing graduates of the Medical Radiation Sciences (MRS) Program with knowledge and expertise in specialized fields of practice. Selectives are designed to give students some freedom in constructing a curriculum that responds to their own particular interests related to their chosen profession and/or academic endeavors after graduating from the program.
Examples of selective courses that are available to MRS students are: Physics of MRI, MRI Anatomy and Pathology, Informatics, Introduction to Brachytherapy, Patient Education, Supportive and Palliative Care, and many more.
YEAR 2 FALL – SEMESTER 4
Introduction to Research Methods (RMIP240/MRS266H1)
Integrated C.T. Imaging Theory and Practice I (CTRD240/MRS265H1)
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging III (ITNM240/MRS286H1)
Experiential Learning in IPEC (EMRS240/MRS260H1)
YEAR 2 WINTER – SEMESTER 5
Clinical Behavioural Science (HBRD241/MRS269H1)
Integrated C.T. Imaging and Theory Practice II (CTRD250/MRS206H1)
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging IV (ITNM250/MRS290H1)
Experiential Learning in IPEC (EMRS240/MRS260H1)
YEAR 2 SUMMER – SEMESTER 6
Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum I (CLNM262/MRS292H1)
YEAR 3 FALL – SEMESTER 7
Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum II (CLNM371/MRS293H1)
Research Methods (RMRD370/MRS278Y1) – OR – Research in Practice (RPRD370/MRS397H1)
YEAR 3 WINTER – SEMESTER 8
Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum III (CLNM381/MRS295H1)
Research Methods – continued (RMRD370/MRS278Y1) – OR – Selective III