Radiation Oncology

Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging Technology


Program Redesigned for September 2014

The practice of Nuclear Medicine Technology is evolving, and will continue to change due to technology, practice and environmental factors. A two year program redevelopment phase has allowed for extensive consultation with key stakeholders.  A comprehensive redesign of the curriculum was undertaken to best meet the needs of our students, clinical partners and the medical imaging community. The program will reflect the changing practice and technology in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging.

A hybrid learning experience will meet the needs of different learners by allowing students to participate in both online and face-to-face components. Theory will be put into practice by examining increasingly complex case studies and applying knowledge in both simulated and clinical environments. Students will work both independently and in teams to develop problem solving and clinical reasoning skills to support application to clinical practice.

About Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Technology

Nuclear Medicine is an imaging method used to safely detect disease in its early stages. The practice of Nuclear Medicine, which includes Positron Emission Tomography (PET), involves the use of radioactive tracers administered either by injection, orally, or inhalation. Special cameras, computers and radioactive tracers are used to image how disease or treatments alter organ system function.

Nuclear Medicine Imaging involves non-invasive procedures that often eliminate the pain and trauma and risk associated with invasive surgery that patients would otherwise undergo, to determine the location and size of tumours, or the extent of numerous diseases in almost all of the human organ systems. It is able to non-invasively image and measure the body’s organs as they function, such as the amount of urine the kidneys produce per minute, the volume of blood ejected from the heart with each beat, and the extent of damage to the heart muscle due to a heart attack.

Molecular Imaging utilizes specialized instrumentation alone, or in combination with targeted imaging agents, to visualize biochemical events at the cellular and molecular level in order to help identify regions of pathology and potential mechanisms of disease.

What does a Nuclear Medicine Technologist do?

  • Prepares and administers radiopharmaceuticals
  • Images different organs and bodily structures
  • Uses sophisticated computers to process data and enhance images
  • Analyzes biological specimens in the laboratory
  • Works closely with doctors, patients and other members of the health care team

Why become a Nuclear Medicine Technologist?

  • Nuclear Medicine Technologists work closely with doctors, patients and other members of the health care team. Ranging from cardiology to psychiatry, nuclear medicine images and treatments are used by a wide array of medical specialties.
  • Nuclear Medicine Technology can save patients the pain and trauma associated with investigative surgery. The detailed images that nuclear medicine scans produce can determine the location and size of tumours or diseases without surgery.
  • The disciplines of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging attract responsible individuals who are people oriented, have a strong desire to help others and are attracted to working with high tech equipment and computer technology

Graduates earn a BSc in Medical Radiation Sciences from the University of Toronto and an Advanced Diploma in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Technology from The Michener Institute and may pursue advanced studies at U of T or Michener, including:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • PACS Administrator
  • Master of Applied Science (Medical Imaging)
  • Master of Health Administration

Courses (2018 Intake)



Comparative Medical Imaging


This course is designed to introduce the learner to the complexities of diagnostic and therapeutic imaging in the healthcare setting. Learners will develop an understanding of what it means to be a medical radiation technologist, a healthcare professional, and how to collaborate interprofessionally. As well, learners will be exposed through a series of seminars delivered by healthcare professionals from the practice setting, to a variety of imaging modalities used in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Modalities such as X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasound (US), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and Image Guidance for Radiation Therapy will be explored. Additional topics relating to the imaging modalities will be covered including informatics.

Introduction to Patient Care in MRS


Learners are provided with the opportunity to learn about and practice the common technical and non-technical skills necessary for caring for patients in the clinical environment. The covered topics will provide fundamental knowledge and skills in patient care and professional development.



This course is an introductory course designed to serve as the foundation in Human Anatomy for students in the Medical Radiation Sciences program. The course will introduce learners to the components of the human body, relationships of the surface anatomy and the body's internal components and discuss the basic function of these components. The course will encompass a regional approach to study the human body with correlation to its clinical application. Course delivery will be comprised of both in-person lectures and in-person labs.

Nuclear Medicine Physics and Radiobiology

RANM110 / MRS133H1 -

This is an online course which will study the physics and biological effects of ionizing radiation. The scope of this course includes studying the fundamentals of radiation physics related to nuclear medicine, as well as X-ray physics related to CT.  Radiation safety and radiation biology will be explored and will include a current and thorough overview of the effects of ionizing radiation on biological systems using case studies and clinical examples.

Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging


The first in this longitudinal series of courses will use a case-based approach to integrate multiple topic themes such as radiopharmacy, Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation, radiation safety and the various organizations and governing bodies, as they relate to body systems, imaging methodology and general practice of Nuclear Medicine Technology.  A hybrid online/onsite delivery approach plus significant hands-on experience in laboratory sessions will allow students to learn, explore and apply the concepts of nuclear and molecular imaging

Special Topics in Patient Care I: Contrast Media/Injection


This course examines the use of contrast media agents for the purpose of diagnostic and interventional medical imaging. Learners will examine the rationale for the use of different types of contrast media agents available, the complications and adverse reactions that can result from the use of contrast agents, and the legal implications of contrast media administration. Learners will also gain practical skills in performing intravenous injections using both angiocatheters and butterfly needles. 



This course will introduce students to the function of the organ systems that comprise the human body. The course will follow a systematic structure covering all of the principal functional systems within the body, examples include the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Learners are expected to be familiar with the anatomical structure of these systems. 

Relational Anatomy


This Relational Anatomy course requires learners to apply their knowledge of gross anatomy to explore the cross-sectional and relational anatomy of the head, central nervous system, neck, spine, thorax, abdomen, pelvis (male/female) and the upper and lower extremities. An emphasis is placed on the learner’s ability to identify and justify the relative positions of the organs, the vascular system, the lymphatic system as well as muscular and skeletal structures in each of the aforementioned anatomic regions.  

Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging II


The second in a longitudinal series of courses will use a case-based approach to integrate multiple themes such as radiopharmacy, instrumentation, image quality and the methodology of various procedures.  Topics explored will include the skeletal and endocrine systems, tumors and infections.  Thyroid therapy using high-dose radionuclides and an introduction to PET imaging will be also be included. 

Health Care Systems


Health Care Systems will build on the existing and developing knowledge of the learner to enhance their understanding of the organization and operations of the health system in Canada. It will discuss the historical conceptualizations of the provider/client relationship, which often characterize clients as the objects of care and examine, and explore the more recent concept of an integrated client-centred continuum in which individuals participate in defining and addressing their needs in the most appropriate setting.

Nuclear Medicine in Practice


The venipuncture/patient care portion of the course will allow students to strengthen venipuncture techniques; laboratory sessions will give learners the opportunity to practice monitoring, recognizing and responding to changes in a patient’s physical and emotional status. ECG is an important aspect of nuclear cardiology. This course will act as an introduction to ECG to learn the normal pathway for the conduction electrical impulses in the heart. Finally, the radiopharmacy portion will focus on the preparation, dispensing, and shipment of various radiopharmaceuticals.  Students will also participate in two offsite Positron Emission Tomography (PET) labs. 

Selective I

The specialized electives (“selectives”) are courses developed with the purpose of providing graduates of the Medical Radiation Sciences (MRS) Program with knowledge and expertise in specialized fields of practice. Selectives are designed to give students some freedom in constructing a curriculum that responds to their own particular interests related to their chosen profession and/or academic endeavors after graduating from the program.

Examples of selective courses that are available to MRS students are: Physics of MRI, MRI Anatomy and Pathology, Informatics, Introduction to Brachytherapy, Patient Education, Supportive and Palliative Care, and many more.




Introduction to Research Methods


Clinical Behavioural Science 


Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum I



Integrated C.T. Imaging Theory and Practice I


Integrated C.T. Imaging and Theory Practice II


Quality In Healthcare



Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging III


Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging IV


Selective III  
  Selective II    




Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum II


Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum III



Research Informing Practice


Research Informing Practice (continued)




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Contact the MRS Program:

T: 416.978.7837

E: mrs.admissions@utoronto.ca