Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging Technology
Program Redesigned for September 2014
The practice of Nuclear Medicine Technology is evolving, and will continue to change due to technology, practice and environmental factors. A two year program redevelopment phase has allowed for extensive consultation with key stakeholders. A comprehensive redesign of the curriculum was undertaken to best meet the needs of our students, clinical partners and the medical imaging community. The program will reflect the changing practice and technology in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging.
A hybrid learning experience will meet the needs of different learners by allowing students to participate in both online and face-to-face components. Theory will be put into practice by examining increasingly complex case studies and applying knowledge in both simulated and clinical environments. Students will work both independently and in teams to develop problem solving and clinical reasoning skills to support application to clinical practice.
About Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Technology
Nuclear Medicine is an imaging method used to safely detect disease in its early stages. The practice of Nuclear Medicine, which includes Positron Emission Tomography (PET), involves the use of radioactive tracers administered either by injection, orally, or inhalation. Special cameras, computers and radioactive tracers are used to image how disease or treatments alter organ system function.
Nuclear Medicine Imaging involves non-invasive procedures that often eliminate the pain and trauma and risk associated with invasive surgery that patients would otherwise undergo, to determine the location and size of tumours, or the extent of numerous diseases in almost all of the human organ systems. It is able to non-invasively image and measure the body’s organs as they function, such as the amount of urine the kidneys produce per minute, the volume of blood ejected from the heart with each beat, and the extent of damage to the heart muscle due to a heart attack.
Molecular Imaging utilizes specialized instrumentation alone, or in combination with targeted imaging agents, to visualize biochemical events at the cellular and molecular level in order to help identify regions of pathology and potential mechanisms of disease.
What does a Nuclear Medicine Technologist do?
- Prepares and administers radiopharmaceuticals
- Images different organs and bodily structures
- Uses sophisticated computers to process data and enhance images
- Analyzes biological specimens in the laboratory
- Works closely with doctors, patients and other members of the health care team
Why become a Nuclear Medicine Technologist?
- Nuclear Medicine Technologists work closely with doctors, patients and other members of the health care team. Ranging from cardiology to psychiatry, nuclear medicine images and treatments are used by a wide array of medical specialties.
- Nuclear Medicine Technology can save patients the pain and trauma associated with investigative surgery. The detailed images that nuclear medicine scans produce can determine the location and size of tumours or diseases without surgery.
- The disciplines of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging attract responsible individuals who are people oriented, have a strong desire to help others and are attracted to working with high tech equipment and computer technology
Graduates earn a BSc in Medical Radiation Sciences from the University of Toronto and an Advanced Diploma in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Technology from The Michener Institute and may pursue advanced studies at U of T or Michener, including:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- PACS Administrator
- Master of Applied Science (Medical Imaging)
- Master of Health Administration
Course List (Fall 2019 Intake)
YEAR 1 FALL – SEMESTER 1
Comparative Medical Imaging (IGRD110/MRS281H)
This course is designed to introduce the learner to the complexities of diagnostic and therapeutic imaging in the healthcare setting. Learners will develop an understanding of what it means to be a medical radiation technologist, a healthcare professional, and interprofessional collaboration. As well, learners will be exposed through a series of seminars delivered by healthcare professionals from the practice setting, to a variety of imaging modalities used in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Modalities such as X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasound (US), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and Image Guidance for Radiation Therapy will be explored. Additional topics relating to the imaging modalities will be covered including Informatics, Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning and Interventional Radiology.
Patient Care in Medical Radiation Sciences I (PMRS111/MRS227H1)
Examining a variety of fundamental patient care topics using a patient-centred lens, learners will be introduced to the professional, ethical, and legal standards which will be reinforced throughout the Medical Radiation Sciences (MRS) curriculum. Patient care skills will be enhanced through the study of communication, medical terminology, infection control, clinical assessment techniques and relevant pharmacology, including contrast media. This course will also provide the opportunity to develop communication and care-delivery strategies for diverse patient populations. Reflective practice will be introduced and developed throughout the course as learners work towards becoming reflective practitioners.
Anatomy for Medical Radiation Sciences (ANAT110/MRS161H1)
This course is an introductory course designed to serve as the foundation in Human Anatomy for students in the Medical Radiation Sciences program. The course will introduce learners to the components of the human body, relationships of the surface anatomy and the body’s internal components and discuss the basic function of these components. The course will encompass a regional approach to study the human body with correlation to its clinical application. Anatomy for MRS will serve to prepare learners for ANRD121/MRS163H1 (Relational Anatomy).
Nuclear Medicine Physics and Radiobiology (RANM110 / MRS133H1)
This is an online course which will study the physics and biological effects of ionizing radiation. The scope of this course includes studying the fundamentals of radiation physics related to nuclear medicine, as well as X-ray physics related to CT. Radiation safety and radiation biology will be explored and will include a current and thorough overview of the effects of ionizing radiation on biological systems using case studies and clinical examples.
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging (IITNM110/MRS282H1)
The first in this longitudinal series of courses will use a case-based approach to integrate multiple topic themes such as radiopharmacy, Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation, radiation safety and the various organizations and governing bodies, as they relate to body systems, imaging methodology and general practice of Nuclear Medicine Technology. A hybrid online/onsite delivery approach plus significant hands-on experience in laboratory sessions will allow students to learn, explore and apply the concepts of nuclear and molecular imaging
YEAR 1 WINTER – SEMESTER 2
Patient Care in Medical Radiation Sciences II (PMRS121/MRS228H1)
Building upon the knowledge acquired in PMRS111, learners will apply the concepts of professional practice, patient management, and health and safety, in both the didactic and laboratory environments. Learners will employ principles of infection control, patient assessment, patient transfer, contrast media administration and emergency response procedures. Learners will also be introduced to various venipuncture techniques. These practical skillsets will be developed as learners simultaneously integrate the concepts of patient-centred communication and professionalism introduced in PMRS111.
This course will introduce students to the function of the organ systems that comprise the human body. The course will follow a systematic structure covering all of the principal functional systems within the body, examples include the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Learners are expected to be familiar with the anatomical structure of these systems.
Relational Anatomy (ANRD121/MRS164H1)
This Relational Anatomy course requires learners to apply their knowledge of gross anatomy to explore the cross-sectional and relational anatomy of the head, central nervous system, neck, spine, thorax, abdomen, pelvis (male/female) and the upper and lower extremities. An emphasis is placed on the learner’s ability to identify and justify the relative positions of the organs, the vascular system, the lymphatic system as well as muscular and skeletal structures in each of the aforementioned anatomic regions.
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging II (ITNM120/MRS283H1)
The second in a longitudinal series of courses will use a case-based approach to integrate multiple themes such as radiopharmacy, instrumentation, image quality and the methodology of various procedures. Topics explored will include the skeletal and endocrine systems, tumors and infections. Thyroid therapy using high-dose radionuclides and an introduction to PET imaging will be also be included.
YEAR 1 SUMMER – SEMESTER 3
Health Improvement Initiatives (HIRT130/MRS232H1)
Focusing on the intersection of three principle domains of healthcare: system, leadership, quality; this course will explore the organization and structure of the Canadian healthcare system to better understand and appreciate the roles and accountabilities of those who use and those who function within it. Through the course, learners will examine healthcare leadership at all levels and the development of collaborative leadership and project management skills for the adaptable healthcare practitioner needed for today’s dynamic healthcare environment. The course will also focus on understanding quality improvement initiatives aimed to make healthcare more effective, efficient, and safe.
Nuclear Medicine in Practice (PRNM130/MRS284H1)
The venipuncture/patient care portion of the course will allow students to strengthen venipuncture techniques; laboratory sessions will give learners the opportunity to practice monitoring, recognizing and responding to changes in a patient’s physical and emotional status. ECG is an important aspect of nuclear cardiology. This course will act as an introduction to ECG to learn the normal pathway for the conduction electrical impulses in the heart. Finally, the radiopharmacy portion will focus on the preparation, dispensing, and shipment of various radiopharmaceuticals. Students will also participate in two offsite Positron Emission Tomography (PET) labs.
The specialized electives (“selectives”) are courses developed with the purpose of providing graduates of the Medical Radiation Sciences (MRS) Program with knowledge and expertise in specialized fields of practice. Selectives are designed to give students some freedom in constructing a curriculum that responds to their own particular interests related to their chosen profession and/or academic endeavors after graduating from the program.
Examples of selective courses that are available to MRS students are: Physics of MRI, MRI Anatomy and Pathology, Informatics, Introduction to Brachytherapy, Patient Education, Supportive and Palliative Care, and many more.
YEAR 2 FALL – SEMESTER 4
Introduction to Research Methods (RMIP240/MRS266H1)
Integrated C.T. Imaging Theory and Practice I (CTRD240/MRS265H1)
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging III (ITNM240/MRS286H1)
Experiential Learning in IPEC (EMRS240/MRS260H1)
YEAR 2 WINTER – SEMESTER 5
Clinical Behavioural Science (HBRD241/MRS269H1)
Integrated C.T. Imaging and Theory Practice II (CTRD250/MRS206H1)
Integrated Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging IV (ITNM250/MRS290H1)
Experiential Learning in IPEC (EMRS240/MRS260H1)
YEAR 2 SUMMER – SEMESTER 6
Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum I (CLNM262/MRS292H1)
YEAR 3 FALL – SEMESTER 7
Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum II (CLNM371/MRS293H1)
Research Methods (RMRD370/MRS278Y1) – OR – Research in Practice (RPRD370/MRS397H1)
YEAR 3 WINTER – SEMESTER 8
Nuclear Medicine Clinical Practicum III (CLNM381/MRS295H1)
Research Methods – continued (RMRD370/MRS278Y1) – OR – Selective III